Occupational Dermatoses in Agriculture: Epidemiology, Etiopathogenesis, Risk Factors - Abstract

Occupational Dermatoses in Agriculture: Epidemiology, Etiopathogenesis, Risk Factors (in Polish)

Author: Radoslaw Spiewak, MD, PhD

Czelej Publishers, Lublin 2002, 238 pages, 56 tables, 8 figures, 385 references

Abstract

This monograph was subject to the habilitation procedure of the author (habilitation is a state-certified permanent qualification for professor posts). The book presents results from the author's own research that has been carried out during several preceding years. The habilitation inauguration took place before the Scientific Council of the Medical Academy in Lublin, Poland on 17 April 2003.

Aim: the assessment of the prevalence, etiopathogenesis and risk factors of occupational dermatoses in farmers. The study comprised 1114 persons. Methods included questionnaire, mycology tests, allergy in vivo and in vitro tests, migration inhibition test and ELISPOT. Results: every fourth farmer had work-related skin symptoms ever in life. The most frequent occupational dermatosis is allergic contact dermatitis (86%). Main causes are plants. Zoophilic dermatoses are relatively rare (4%). During this study, occupational dermatitis caused by thyme dust was described for the first time. It has been shown that work-related dermatitis and skin symptoms in farming are often related to allergy against airborne environmental microbes and the hypersensitivity is me-diated by lymphocytes Th1. The most relevant risk factor for occupational dermatoses in farming is the positive history of atopic dermatitis. All identified risk factors can easily be detected during prophylactic tests.

The original results presented in this Polish-language book have been previously published in a series of English-language papers that are listed below:

Spiewak R. Occupational dermatoses among Polish private farmers, 19911999. (original) Am J Ind Med 2003; 43 (6): 647-655. PDF
Spiewak R, Dutkiewicz J. Occupational airborne and hand dermatitis to hop (Humulus lupulus) with non-occupational relapses. (case report) Ann Agric Environ Med 2002; 9 (2): 249-252. PDF
Spiewak R et al. Atopy, allergic diseases and work-related symptoms among students of agricultural schools: first results of the Lublin Study. (original) Ann Agric Environ Med 2001; 8 (2): 261-267. PDF
Spiewak R et al. Young farmers with cellular reactivity to airborne microbes suffer more frequently from work-related skin symptoms and allergic dermatitis. (original) Ann Agric Environ Med 2001;8 (2): 255-259. PDF
Spiewak R. Uczulenie na alergeny krow i swin wsrod rolnikow Polski wschodniej. [Sensitization to cow and pig allergens among farmers in Eastern Poland.] (original) Med Pr 2001; 52 (5): 351-354. PDF
Spiewak R. Dolegliwosci skorne prowokowane przez prace w rolnictwie - badania ankietowe 145 rolnikow z wojewodztwa lubelskiego. [Skin diseases related to farm work a questionnaire survey of 145 Polish farmers in Lublin Region.] (original) Post Dermatol Alergol 2001; 18 (3): 194-199. PDF
Spiewak R, Skorska C, Dutkiewicz J. Occupational airborne contact dermatitis caused by thyme dust. (original) Contact Dermatitis 2001; 44 (4): 235-239. PDF
Spiewak R et al. Work-related skin symptoms and type I allergy among eastern-Polish farmers growing hops and other crops. (original) Ann Agric Environ Med 2001; 8 (1): 51-56. PDF
Spiewak R. Pesticides as a cause of occupational skin disease in farmers. (review) Ann Agric Environ Med 2001; 8 (1): 1-5. PDF
Spiewak R, Szostak W. Zoophilic and geophilic dermatophytoses among farmers and non-farmers in eastern Poland. (original) Ann Agric Environ Med 2000; 7 (2): 125-129. PDF
Spiewak R et al. Detection of specific IgE as a screening tool for cow and swine breeders' occupational allergic dermatoses. (original) Ann Agric Environ Med 2000; 7 (2): 145-147. PDF
Spiewak R, Dutkiewicz J. Occupational contact dermatitis to Phaseolus vulgaris in a farmer - a case report. Ann Agric Environ Med 2000; 7 (1): 55-59. PDF
Spiewak R. Dermatozy zawodowe u rolnikow wywolywane przez czynniki biologiczne. [Occupational dermatoses in farmers caused by biological factors.] (review) Przegl Dermatol 1999; 86 (1): 11-16. HTML
Spiewak R. Occupational dermatoses in farmers - a proposal for diagnostic procedure. (original) Ann Agric Environ Med 1999; 6 (1): 63-72. PDF
Spiewak R. Occupational dermatoses in agriculture. (editorial) J Agric Safety Health 1998; 4 (2): 77-79. PDF
Spiewak R. Zoophilic and geophilic fungi as a cause of skin disease in farmers. (review) Ann Agric Environ Med 1998; 5 (2): 97-102. PDF


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