Background: During a nationwide study of vocational students' health status, history of drug intolerance was collected in a random sample of the population tested.
Methods: 134 Polish vocational students (51 females and 83 males), aged 16-23 (median 19) years underwent medical health checks, including skin prick tests with common allergens, total IgE measurement and Phadiatop test. The physician-administered questionnaire included a question about symptoms of drug intolerance ("Have you ever had adverse reactions after taking any medicine?"). In case of a positive answer, the trade name or at least category of the causative drug was recorded whenever possible.
Results: The question about drug intolerance was answered positively by 13 persons, which makes 9.7% of the population examined (95%CI: 4.7-14.7%). Among them, 9 persons had intolerance reactions to antibiotics (5 to penicillin, 1 to doxycyclin, 1 to cefadroxil and 2 to unspecified antibiotics). Four persons complained of ASA-intolerance and 2 persons of intolerance to pyrazolone drugs (metamizole and amimophenazone). There was no significant correlation between drug intolerance in the patients' history and gender (Fisher's chi-square exact test: p1=0.08 for all drugs and p2 = 0.30 for antibiotics), IgE level (p1=1.00 and p2=1.00 respectively), Phadiatop test result (p1=0.75, p2=0.47), atopy defined as combination of IgE, Phadiatop and skin prick test results (p1=0.38, p2=0.23), history of dermatitis (p1=0.19, p2=0.27), history of allergic rhinitis (p1=0.51, p2=1.00) as well as history of asthma (p1=0.13 and p2=0.07).
Conclusion: 5-15% of young Poles had at least one episode of drug intolerance in their lives.
© Radoslaw Spiewak. (contact).
This page is part of the www.RadoslawSpiewak.net website.
Document created: 29 August 2006, last updated: 1 September 2007.