Laboratory markers of mast cell and basophil activation in monitoring rush immunotherapy in bee venom-allergic children

Ewa Cichocka-Jarosz1, Agnieszka Dorynska2, Jacek J. Pietrzyk1, Radoslaw Spiewak2

1Department of Pediatrics, Polish-American Children’s Hospital, Medical Faculty, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland
2Institute of Dermatology, Krakow, Poland

Source: Cichocka-Jarosz E, Dorynska A, Pietrzyk JJ, Spiewak R. Laboratory markers of mast cell and basophil activation in monitoring rush immunotherapy in bee venom-allergic children. Immunotherapy 2011; 3 (8): 1013-1017.


Aim: To evaluate markers of mast cell and basophil activation in children undergoing the initial phase of honeybee venom immunotherapy (VIT). Patients & methods: Five children (four boys and one girl) aged 9.5-18 years with severe systemic bee sting reactions and confirmed IgE-mediated allergy were enrolled. Plasma and urine concentrations of 9α,11β-PGF2 and serum tryptase levels were measured at four time points and peripheral blood basophil count and CD63 expression were measured at three time points in the course of VIT, including 5-day rush initial immunotherapy (cumulative dose of 223 µg of bee venom allergen) and two subsequent maintenance doses of 100 µg. Results: In the first 40 days of VIT, there was a decrease in mean plasma levels of 9α,11β-PGF2 (from 41.5 to 27.9 pg/ml; p < 0.05), accompanied by an increase in baseline basophil activation (from 2 to 15%; p < 0.05). The median serum tryptase levels increased from 3.45 to 4.40 ng/ml during rush phase and subsequently returned to initial values (statistically not significant). In four patients, the basophil activation test in response to bee venom allergens remained positive throughout the study. The fifth patient was basophil activation test-negative at all three measurements, and a post hoc analysis revealed clinical peculiarities that are discussed in the paper. Conclusions: Our preliminary results indicate that plasma levels of 9α,11β-PGF2 decrease while numbers of activated basophils increase during the initial phase of bee venom rush immunotherapy in children.

Key words: allergy; basophil activation; children; honeybee venom; immunotherapy; mast-cell activation.

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Document created: 9 June 2011, last updated: 1 September 2011.